In accordance with the standard for operations in most health centers, The World Health Organization (WHO)1 states that the majority of health centers require energy for water supply, temperature control, lighting, ventilation, and clinical processes. In terms of electricity, Nigeria is ranked by the World Bank as the second country in the world and the first in Sub-Saharan Africa with more of her population not having access to electricity. With a population of about 200 million Nigerians, over 80 million representing 40% of the country’s population, lack access to grid electricity2. Presently, power generation, transmission, and distribution rates are not commensurate with the energy demands of the population, giving rise to consumers depending on dirty and outdated energy sources that have adverse health and economic consequences on them and the society at large. Nigeria’s energy demand was estimated to rise to 88,282MW by 2020 from 15,730MW in 20163 . Despite the country’s current installed generation capacity of 12,522MW, it generates an average of 4,500 MW, which is transmitted through its fragile National Grid and is grossly insufficient to meet the electricity demand of its 190 million population not excluding demands at health facilities.
Sadly, only an estimated 30% of Nigerians are connected to the national grid. This low and erratic power supply affects the community’s primary health centers forcing the management to rely on kerosene lanterns as a source of lighting and petrol generator as their primary source of electricity (UNDP Nigeria., 2015)4. As a result, this hinders the efficiency of health services and amenities for optimal operation.